Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure in the eye causes damage to the optic nerve causing tunnel vision. There are not any symptoms of glaucoma until it is too late. Glaucoma is caught on your eye examination by checking the pressure in your eye and looking at the health of the optic nerve head in the back part of your eye. Treatment of Glaucoma involves the use of eyedrops and occasionally a surgery to lower the pressure in the eye
Cataracts are probably one of the most common vision problems we see on a day to day basis. Cataracts are a clouding of the lens inside the eye causing light to not reach the retina properly. This causes glare especially driving at night, needing better light to read, changes in color vision and blurred vision. Cataracts are corrected with surgery.
Diabetes is a huge growing concern within our population today. The rise and fall of blood sugars cause damage to the blood vessels within the body. Within the retina these blood vessels can leak and bleed causing the retinal tissue to drown leading to vision loss. Diabetics are dilated at every eye examination and are seen yearly if no retinopathy is present or more often if retinopathy is detected. It is important to keep the A1C levels as low as possible to prevent vision loss from this disease.
Macular Degeneration affects the macula which is the center of our vision which often makes this disease one of the most devastating ones we see. Deposits develop within the macular region and can cause scarring and fluid buildup of the retinal layers causing the vision loss. Smoking increases the risk of Macular Degeneration. A study called the AREDS study suggest no smoking, wearing UV protective sunglasses and the Vitamins may help slow the progression of this disease.
A retinal detachment occurs when there is a break in the retinal layers in the back part of the eye. This can occur due to trauma or can occur without a specific cause. Symptoms of a retinal detachment are flashes of light, floaters (black specks or strings in your vision) or curtain coming over your vision. This condition is corrected with surgery or laser if caught in time.